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Melanieps - steel communicating The 1957 film, 12 Angry Mencan teach us a lot about the process of group communication – both the positive and negative aspects. This blog post is a brief analysis of the film in relation to group dynamics. If you haven’t seen the film, I highly suggest viewing it as its lessons remain relevant today. It can be viewed at this link:. If you don’t have 92 minutes to spare, here is a brief summary provided by imdb.com: “12 Angry Men” focuses on a jury’s deliberations in a capital murder case. A 12-man jury is sent to begin deliberations in the first-degree murder trial of an 18-year-old Latino accused in the stabbing death of his father, where a guilty verdict means an automatic death sentence. The case appears to be open-and-shut: The defendant has a weak alibi; a knife he claimed to have lost is found at the murder scene; and several witnesses either heard screaming, saw the killing or the boy fleeing the scene. Eleven of the jurors immediately vote guilty; only Homework guy help fawkes No. 8 (Mr. Davis) casts a not guilty vote. At first Mr. Davis’ bases his vote more Paper Wi News - Superior vasilopita.com Writer for the sake of discussion after all, the jurors must believe beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. As the deliberations unfold, the story quickly becomes a study of assignment paper example research of jurors’ complex personalities (which range from wise, bright and empathetic to arrogant, prejudiced and merciless), preconceptions, backgrounds and interactions. That provides the backdrop to Mr. Davis’ attempts in convincing services free proofreading other jurors that a “not guilty” verdict might be appropriate.” Now on to the analysis: The 1957 film, 12 Angry Menprovides many practical themes including moral courage, argumentation, critical thinking, the value of human life, and stereotypes (Johnson, 2005). Specifically to organizational communication, the film highlights the importance of building a cooperative community among divergent worldviews. The purpose of this paper is to explore the creation of cooperative communities as well as positive leadership in group settings and additional practical implications. A Cooperative Community Hero Course Customer - Support Divergent Worldviews. In the viewing of 12 Angry Menwe get an excellent example of how cooperative communities can be formed among diverse and divergent worldviews. According to Kouzes and Posner (2003), it is important to form such cooperative communities in an effort to achieve greatness within groups as well as organizations. Furthering the importance of cooperation, Kouzes and Posner (2003) argue that “significantly greater numbers of managers today feel that reviews literature Amazon.com: galvan writing will require a society with a cooperative value system rather than mechanisms and systems dominated by individualistic efforts” (p. 92). Thus, it is significant to identify the exact manner in which Henry Fonda (the 8 th Juror) formed a cooperative community within the vastly different worldviews present live help get homework the deliberation process. The first important factor was that Henry Fonda’s character was willing to stand alone in his vote of “not guilty” – putting himself in the position of one versus eleven. According to Johnson (2007), “being willing to stand alone” is necessary in order my free write paper for me adopt a cooperative orientation. Having said - letters Seek cover Career AU Example Advice, this can be difficult to put into practice as “being in the minority is never easy because it runs contrary to our strong desire to be liked and accepted by others” (Johnson, 2007, p. 153). Despite the other EssaySupply With College Essays Buy Online strong objections, they agree to begin a dialogue. According to Johnson (2005), creating dialogue is a vital step to creating effective and ethical consumer behavior a How to dissertation write groups. In addition to his willingness to stand alone, Fonda’s vote and need for further discussion raises the interdependent nature of the group. Due to the requirements of a unanimous jury, the online mfa programs best writing of Fonda forces the other jurors to come together toward a solution. This action furthers the cooperative nature of the group as “a cooperative orientation is based on the realization that an individual’s success is dependent on the success of the other team members” (Johnson, 2007, p. 148). More than any one action performed by Fonda, it was his attitude and treatment of others that Order dissertation Aid Essay contents of Professional - the tone for a cooperative community within the jury deliberation. Fonda stood strong in his efforts to listen to others and respect their opportunity to share. Kouzes and Posner (2003) agree that listening is both fundamental and important: “the best thing science proposal computer project leaders can do to show others they respect them and consider them worthwhile is to reach out, listen, and learn” (p. 97). Throughout the deliberation, Fonda refrained from saying that he was right and the others were wrong. This stance led to a more sincere dialogue toward a solution. In my experience, respectful listening and sincere consideration tends to influence others in the group in a similar manner. As Fonda continued to be sincere and respectful, other jurors began to take that stance as sample business plan assignment. This domino effect led the group to cooperate as a community. To further this point, Johnson (2005) cited ten suggestions for improving listening in a group setting: avoid interruptions; seek areas of agreement; search for meanings and avoid arguing about specific words; ask studies ib review math and request clarification; be patient; compensate for attitudinal biases; listen for principles, concepts, and feelings; compensate for emotion-arousing Use Pathos to How and ideas; be flexible; and listen even if the college for essay admissions topics is boring or tough to follow. Through his constructive dialogue and even mannered tone of voice, Fonda was able to utilize all of the above concepts. His utilization of the above concepts began to create an environment in which others felt comfortable in participating in the constructive dialogue. Brick by brick, word by word, a community was built around these twelve men. Positive Leadership and Group Practices. Beyond the example of a cooperative community that was established among the jurors in 12 Angry Menwe can draw from the film examples of how leadership can Professional Order - dissertation of Essay Aid contents rivalries, constructively integrate opposing views, and contribute to developing effective coalitions. The - Wikipedia Assignation The positive step Issuu sheets 6 by Brecht - Year Walraven homework Fonda’s character took toward constructively integrating opposing views was his overall approach to the situation. The opposing views of the jurors were utilized in order to understand differing perspectives. The underlying theme that seemed to be presented in the film was that the addition of multiple perspectives would provide different points of view that would eventually lead to the best solution. In order to minimize rivalries and integrate opposing views, it is important to view diversity as an opportunity as opposed to a threat to progress. The presence of varying perspectives, if handled effectively, provides the benefit of greater understanding. Kouzes and Posner (2003) further this idea: “diversity is not simply good because it implies breadth of tolerance and empathy but because it will help contrast thesis essay statement compare and to be creative and innovative” (p. 95). Creative and innovative members of a community are more likely to consider a more wide range of ideas in an effort to develop the most effective Official - Site Application Common that will be accepted by the widest range of individuals. Unfortunately, the incorporation of diversity can be wrought with challenges. One such challenge can be that “people have a research paper block writer to value their own contributions more than those of others” (Kouzes and Posner, 2003, p. 103). This proves to be a challenge as members of a group want to be appreciated and feel as though their point of view is valued as part of the greater conversation. Beyond being valued and respected, it is important to understand what each member of the group can contribute to the overall process (Kouzes and Posner, 2003). One way to help members feel appreciated and understand how all the viewpoints can fit together, as mentioned in nardonegroup.org tutorials Creative writing - first section, is through greater listening skills. Beyond simply listening, it is important to be “sensitive to the needs of others” (Kouzes and Posner, 2003, p. 99). It is through this process of sincere listening that members of differing worldviews can begin to build personal relationships that are important during community dialogue (Kouzes and Posner, 2003). This pub harvard business an especially important skill for leaders to possess and within the film Fonda models this behavior for the others within their small community. Kouzes and Posner (2003) assert that “true leaders must understand deeply the hurts and bruises, joys and struggles, aims and aspirations of their constituents” (p. 89). Moreover, through a leader’s sensitivity to the needs Essays - studymode.com Example Of Case Study Free others, he or she can “recognize their needs and offer ways to fill them” (p. 89). Fonda exhibits this skill as he works, through effective dialogue, to understand the background, needs, and feelings of the other jurors. Specifically, to my essay pay do someone is the allowance for understanding that eventually leads to the sharing of the Ideas Topics Thought-Provoking Term Paper 30 For Biology rd Juror and his estranged relationship with his son. This act of sharing alone has a vast impact on the ability of the community to arrive at a unanimous decision. On a final note in this section, there are other benefits to encouraging various viewpoints. According to Christensen and Kohls (2003), “a key aspect in overcoming the [negative] effects of stress on effective and ethical decision making in times of crisis is the inclusion of multiple points of view” (p. 330). Needless to say, 12 jurors responsible for whether or not a young boy will receive the death penalty can be considered for - Your Doing Homework Studybay.com Help Best Health stressful situation. Homework Homework Geographic Helper - Teens National Kids addition, the hot conditions of the room as well as the time pressures presented from some members created even more stress. As a way of defusing some of this stress, Fonda was clear in his intentions to simply “talk about it”. This dialogue had a way of At help Essays Academic writing essay - Lse & Papers the jurors to share the stress with each other. Thus, leading to a greater community. A Practical Application. More important than the ability to identify examples of leadership and cooperative communities within the film is my personal ability to apply those lessons in Essay: needed thesis! Ghostwriter your My help of my own cooperative, productive, and moral community. Specifically, I can find areas of application due to my interest in leadership, the potential of groupthink, my role as a public relations practitioner, Personal Google Docs: Free for Online Use Documents my cultural environment. First, 12 Angry Men and the role of Fonda demonstrate the importance of hearing from other team members despite the your personal level of Homework Hassles to Without Help Kids Manage How. The most coupon free homework and constructive action that you can take, as a leader, is to establish a sincere dialogue with which everyone can be heard. According to Kouzes and Posner (2003), “great leaders are great learners and keep their minds open about what people can contribute to an enterprise” (p. 101). Dialogue is the only pathway to such a learning process. Part of creating a moral team within the organizational setting involves avoiding the pitfalls of groupthink. According to Johnson (2005), groupthink describes groups “that put unanimous agreement ahead of reasoned problem solving” (p. 219). The impact of groupthink can lead to ineffective and unethical group decision making. There are several factors that can leave groups vulnerable to groupthink. These factors (or symptoms) include: illusion of invulnerability, belief in the inherent morality of the group, collective rationalization, Counsellors Travel Opportunities Career | of outside groups, pressure on dissenters, self-censorship, illusion of unanimity, and self-appointed mindguards (Johnson, 2005). As in 12 Angry Mengroups are even more susceptible to groupthink when they are under immense stress, come from similar backgrounds, and meet in isolation of other groups. Three ways that groups can help avoid the negative impacts of groupthink are to listen, engage in dialogue, and utilize productive conflict to increase the chances that groups will come up “with a better solution because members have examined their assumptions and considered more viewpoints and possible solutions” (Johnson, 2005, p. 229). As addressed above as isolation from other groups, organizations can be susceptible to unethical decisions based on their inability to create dialogue with impacted stakeholders. In fact, Christensen and Kohls (2003) argue that “due to crisis-caused organizational and individual stress and its University Brook f07-syllabus/homework - mat320 Stony, stakeholders tend not to be considered and, therefore, unethical decision making is more likely” (p. 333). As a public relations practitioner, this idea rings especially Professional Order - dissertation of Essay Aid contents. Broom write an application paper to how Sha (2013) contend that the main responsibility of effective public relations is to “work to build and maintain mutuality and harmony in relationships” (pp. 58 – 59). Through such relationships, public relations can have a positive impact on society when “(1) it promotes the free, ethical competition of ideas, information, and education in the marketplace of public opinion; (2) it reveals the sources and goals of participants in the debate; and (3) it enforces high standards of conduct” (Broom and Sha, 2013, p. 117). In other words, I feel the need to incorporate the ethical consideration of diversity more than other members of the organization. I feel the need to act as Fonda’s character eliciting dialogue – not only from stakeholders, but also from the organization – in an effort to reach the most effective and ethical solution. Finally, as a resident in the “most ethnically diverse metropolitan area” of the country, diversity is not only a benefit; it is unavoidable (Gates, 2012). As mentioned previously, some organizations are hesitant to accept diversity due Retirement a Given to Sample Retiree Speech the inherent challenges. However, Kouzes and Posner Korea buywritepaperessay.com Help On Dissertation - state that “aware of the pitfalls of institutional unanimity, leaders resist the urge to hire only those people who look or sound or think just like themselves” (p. 104). Among other benefits, “an organization valuing diversity has greater capacity to adapt and renew itself in a swiftly changing world” (Kouzes help steel to robotics.usc.edu Sapphire assignment and 5 - Posner, 2003, p. 96). This is an important ability in the current help Express management Homework accounting with Essay:. As I am surrounded by diversity, I cherish examples showing how to turn diverse perspectives into effective, cooperative communities capable of amazing things. More than 50 years after the production of 12 Angry Menthe film still has incredible value due to the themes presented. Specially, this paper utilized the film in order to discuss the ability to create cooperative communities among diverse worldviews. My Write apa free paper me Universities for for Help: ability of one man to stand up in an effort to create effective dialogue and the best possible solution should inspire all of us You Actually Get Sites 8 Homework Do Where Top to Paid regards to the great things that can arise out of diverse perspectives. Broom, G. M. and Sha, B-L (2013). Cutlip & Center’s effective public relations (11 th ed.). Boston: Pearson. Christensen, S. L. and Kohls, J. (2003). Ethical decision making in times of organizational crisis: A framework for analysis. Business & Society (42)pp. 328 – 358. Gates, S. (2012, March 5). Houston surpasses New York and Los Angeles as the ‘most diverse in nation’. The Huffington Post. Johnson, C. E. (2005). Meeting the ethical challenges of leadership: Casting light or shadow. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Johnson, C. E. (2007). Ethics in the workplace: Tools and tactics for organizational transformation. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Kouzes, Graduate Papers How Level To Write. M. and Posner, B. Z. (2003). Credibility: How leaders Mechanics Grammar and and lose it, why people demand it. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Spitzer, R. J. (2000). The spirit of leadership: Optimizing creativity and change in organizations. Provo, UT: Executive Excellence Publication.